3 Μαΐου 2019, Exercise and the Gut Microbiome: A Review of the Evidence, Potential Mechanisms, and Implications for Human Health - Exerc Sport Sci Rev.
Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2019 Apr;47(2):75-85
•The trillions of microbes in the gut play essential roles in human health.
•Exercise training alters the composition and functional capacity of the gut microbiota, independent of diet.
•Exercise-induced alterations of the gut microbiota may depend on obesity status, exercise modality, and exercise intensity.
•Exercise-induced alterations of the gut microbiota are likely to have numerous benefits for human health.
The gastrointestinal tract contains trillions of microbes (collectively known as the gut microbiota) that play essential roles in host physiology and health. Studies from our group and others have demonstrated that exercise independently alters the composition and functional capacity of the gut microbiota. Here, we review what is known about the gut microbiota, how it is studied, and how it is influenced by exercise training and discuss the potential mechanisms and implications for human health and disease.